How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile – By Ana María Segura Paños M.D., M.Sc. (andrologist), Elena Izquierdo Trechera M.D., M.Sc. (gynecologist), Marta Barranquero Gómez B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist), Paloma de la Fuente Vaquero M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. (gynaecologist), Zaira Salvador B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist) and Michelle Lorraine Embleton B.Sc. Ph.D. (biochemist).

Male infertility plays a very important role in sterile couples. When problems arise to conceive, around 30% of them are caused by the male factor.

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

Infertile men usually have low semen quality in most cases. This means that their sperm cannot fertilize the egg that will result in pregnancy.

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Depending on the cause of this male infertility, it is possible to find a specific treatment to enable this couple to become parents.

Provided below is an index with 7 points that we will develop in this article.

Although there are various causes that lead to male infertility, the quality of the ejaculated sperm is affected to some extent in each case. For a semen sample to be considered good quality, it must meet certain parameters. These include sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm morphology, and sperm viability.

To diagnose the possible causes of male infertility, it is necessary to perform several diagnostic tests, starting with a spermogram. If you want more information about this, we recommend you visit the following page: Male Fertility Tests.

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This type of male infertility is caused by problems with the hormonal regulation of spermatogenesis, in other words, the production of sperm.

The hormones secreted by the pituitary gland, LH and FSH, which act on male reproductive function, can be altered for any of the following reasons:

These changes can be caused by congenital problems or caused by external factors such as some substances or drugs (for example the use of anabolic steroids), which can affect the entire hormonal regulation system, causing fertility problems.

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

Male infertility due to testicular factors can be congenital or acquired, that is, caused by external agents at any time in the patient’s life:

How To Know If You Are Infertile

Caused by genetic changes at the chromosomal level (i.e. Klinefelter Syndrome), or faulty genes, for example in Noonan syndrome. The disease can also be caused by a defect in the male Y chromosome gene.

In this group, we found that the problem was caused as a side effect or adverse reaction of a particular drug, e.g. chemotherapy, drug use, radiotherapy, trauma, infection, etc. The most famous pathologies are varicocele, cryptorchidism, orchitis and hydrocele.

If you are interested in more detailed information on this subject, we invite you to continue reading here: Testicular Disorders & Infertility.

The causes of male infertility after testicles are a set of complications derived from either blockages or abnormalities in the seminal ducts.

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The seminal duct consists of the epididymis, vas deferens and urethra, through which sperm must pass once they are produced in the testes.

If you are interested in this topic, you can read the following article: Post-Testicular Factors of Male Infertility.

Sperm abnormalities are the main cause of male infertility. These include changes in sperm that directly affect their morphology, motility, viability or number.

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

To assess sperm quality, the diagnostic test of choice is semen analysis. Sperm analysis allows specialists to determine the presence of the following changes:

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You can find information about each of these spermatozoa abnormalities in this article: can List of Sperm Disorders That Cause Male Infertility.

In most cases, the man will not experience any obvious signs of infertility. In almost all cases, the only sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child after a year of trying to conceive.

However, if the man has been diagnosed with another disease such as hypogonadism, he may already suspect that he will have difficulty conceiving.

If these symptoms appear while trying to get pregnant, the man needs to study with the necessary tests to confirm if it is a case of male infertility.

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To deal with male infertility, we need to know the causes that prevent pregnancy from happening. In some cases, it is possible to restore male fertility after pharmacological treatment or surgery. In the worst case, the only option will be assisted reproduction.

A healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet combined with vitamin supplements can help improve semen quality in less severe cases. Above all, antioxidants such as selenium, carnitine and vitamins E, A, C and B12 are very important.

When the previous option cannot be used or is unsuccessful. In the face of severe male factor, the technique that offers the best success rate is ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection).

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

We recommend visiting the following post for more information on this subject: Treatment for Male Infertility.

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Do you need donor sperm for your fertility treatment cycle? Then we recommend that you get your Fertility Report now to find the best clinic for you. Our comprehensive selection criteria when it comes to recommending clinics and your specific needs equates to the best fertility center for you. You will receive in your inbox a detailed report with the clinics we recommend for your specific treatment, as well as the conditions they offer for each program.

Male infertility is usually asymptomatic and the cause is diagnosed after taking a thorough clinical history of the patient with personal and family history, and asking for the indicated complementary tests.

Among the various causes of male infertility are those that depend on the interaction between the brain and the testes, and in this case it is interesting to ask for a hormonal study, through FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing). hormones). Their determination will indicate the state of the pituitary-testicular axis.

Men’s age can affect sperm quality, but there is no significant decline in fertility as in the case of women. After the age of 40, male fertility decreases. It has been observed that with age there is a slow but progressive reduction in semen volume, a decrease in sperm concentration and an increase in oxidative stress.

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In addition, the possibility of sperm undergoing genetic changes also increases. However, a man can still be fertile in his 50s, 60s and even 70s.

In the following article there is more information about the effect of age on men: What is Andropause / male menopause

Yes, there are cases where men experience periods of stress or anxiety that can cause temporary infertility. The same thing happens with flu-like processes with fever, because the increase in body temperature affects the production of spermatozoa. In this case, fertility can be restored after 3 months after the stage that caused the infertility ends. This is because the complete process of spermatogenesis lasts for 3 months.

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

A balanced diet, rich in antioxidants such as vitamin supplements or omega 3, can improve sperm quality in certain cases. However, improvement is unlikely to occur in the most severe cases of infertility. In such cases, fertility treatment is the only solution to achieve pregnancy. The following post may be of interest: Foods to improve sperm quality.

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The effect of chemotherapy on sperm quality depends on the drug used for treatment, as not all of them affect spermatogenesis in the same way. In addition, each patient may be more or less affected by the treatment. To find out if the patient’s testicular function has been altered, it is necessary to perform a fertility study.

The results of the seminogram showed that I had azoospermia. Am I incapable of being the biological father of my children?

Azoospermia is the absence of sperm in the ejaculate, but it can have different causes. Depending on the cause of azoospermia, the prognosis will be one or the other.

If it is caused by posttesticular factors (obstructive azoospermia), sperm production does not change and sperm can be obtained directly from the testicles. However, if it is a change in sperm production (secretory azoospermia), it is highly unlikely that sperm will be found in the testicles.

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About 30% of infertility cases are due to problems in men. This problem can be found at the pretesticular, testicular, posttesticular or even semen levels.

For example, living an unhealthy lifestyle or having diabetes will cause changes in the hormonal axis and can be the cause of male infertility. In addition, genetic changes, varicocele, oncological treatment or blockage of the seminal ducts, among others, will also be the cause of male infertility.

Therefore, when a couple has been trying for pregnancy for some time and it does not come, the best thing to do is to start with fertility studies in both women and men.

How To Find Out If You Re Infertile

If you are interested in learning more about the male reproductive system and how it works when a man is fertile, we recommend the following article: Male fertility: the male reproductive system

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There are various diseases or changes that can cause male infertility. For details about each of them, we have the following page for you: Diseases that cause male infertility

G. R. Dohle, T. Diemer, A. Giwercman, A. Jungwirth, Z. Kopa, C. Krausz (2010). Clinical guide to male infertility. European Society of Urology 2010 (actualización en abril de

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